Phobia: Learn it’s causes, symptoms and types

To live in a world full of fear is not living, it is survival

Have you ever feared extremely of heights, ants, numbers, flying, driving or anything? Do you resist to get into the water where there is no harm in rejoicing dive into the pool? Do you afraid of getting faint in public? Has marriage become extremely fearful for you? There are many such utmost fears we stuck to.

A person afraid of something is normal but if a particular situation or object triggers anxiety then you should go in deep. Because it could be the fear stop you from rejoicing your life. Here we would learn about the phobia, symptoms, and the most prevalent types.

Phobia: A type of Anxiety

A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is an extreme form of fear or anxiety triggered by a particular situation, object, or a thought even when there is no danger. Phobias sometimes seem funny and inept.

It is impossible to identify the reason why and which age the phobia has developed. In most of the cases, a phobia may develop in early childhood.

Some of the reasons and risk factors may include;

  1. Hereditary or Genetic
  2. Experiencing any traumatic Event
  3. Changing perception with Time and Age

No wonder parental overprotectiveness could also be a risk factor that increases the likelihood of an individual developing a specific phobia. It is very important to recognize the symptoms first.

Symptoms of phobia

Symptoms involve experiencing intense fear and anxiety when faced with the situation or object that you are afraid of. If your phobia is severe, even thinking about the situation or object symptoms can be prompt.

Physical Symptoms

  • Feeling unsteady, dizzy, lightheaded or faint
  • Feeling like you are choking
  • A pounding heart, palpitations or accelerated heart rate
  • Chest pain or tightness in the chest
  • Sweating
  • Hot or cold flushes
  • Shortness of breath or a smothering sensation
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Numbness or tingling sensations
  • Trembling or shaking

Psychological Symptoms

  • Feeling out of touch with reality or detached from your body
  • A fear of fainting
  • A fear of losing control
  • Fear of dying

If these symptoms are very intense, they could trigger a panic attack. Experiencing this type of acute fear is extremely unpleasant and can be very frightening. It may also lead to feelings of embarrassment, anxiety or depression.

Thus, many people with phobias avoid situations where they might have to face their fear. While this can be an effective strategy to start with, avoiding your fears can sometimes cause them to become worse, and can start to have a significant impact on how you live your daily life.

Types of phobia

Many of us have fears about particular objects or situations, and this is perfectly normal. A fear becomes a phobia if;
• The fear is out of proportion to the danger
• It lasts for more than six months
• It has a significant impact on how you live your day-to-day life

Phobias can be divided as;

  1. Specific phobias
  2. Social phobia
  3. Agoraphobia

Types of specific phobias include those to certain animals, natural environment situations, blood or injury, and specific situations. The most common are fear of spiders, fear of snakes, and fear of heights. Occasionally they are triggered by a negative experience with the object or situation.

Social phobia is when the situation is feared as the person is worried about others judging them. Agoraphobia is when fear of a situation occurs because it is felt that escape would not be possible.

Specific phobias affect about 6–8% of people in the Western world and 2–4% of people in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Social phobia affects about 7% of people in the United States and 0.5–2.5% of people in the rest of the world. Agoraphobia affects about 1.7% of people. Women are affected about twice as often as men. Typically onset is around the age of 10 to 17. Rates become lower as people get older. People with phobias are at a higher risk of suicide.

The good news is that phobias are simple to understand and usually easy and quick to treat.

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