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Encephalitis outbreak

Bihar’s encephalitis outbreak

The death toll due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) mounts to 125 in Bihar, India - and still, it is counting. Bihar’s...
Hypertension therapy

Hypertension therapy in Type 2 Diabetes

Hypertension affects many people with diabetes. Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that reducing the blood pressure of people with diabetes can reduce...
Renal function

What are the methods for Measuring Renal Function?

We have already discussed the normal physiology of kidneys in our previous write up. Filtration is a key kidney function and is...
Beta cell dysfunction

Factors that contribute to Beta cell dysfunction

Generally, it has been seen that beta cell function continues to decline after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, while insulin sensitivity remains...
Health risks of air conditioning

Top 10 health risks of Air Conditioning

In most of the parts of the world, summer seems to be typically hot and humid. The extreme heat could have a...
Beta cells dysfunction

What happens to Beta-cells in Type 2 Diabetes?

In type 2 diabetes, dysfunction of beta cells manifested as insulin secretion and a decrease in insulin sensitivity manifested as an increase...
Type 2 diabetes evolution

How type 2 diabetes evolves over the years?

Because many patients with Type 2 Diabetes are asymptomatic, the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes can be unexpected, occurring incidentally during a...
Glucose Homeostasis

Normal Glucose Homeostasis in non-diabetics

Normal glucose regulation is dependent on a closed feedback loop relationship between the liver, peripheral tissue (muscle), and the pancreatic islet cells...
Hearing Loss

Hearing Loss: It’s causes and types

The hearing process consists of complex steps that change the sound waves into electrical signals. The brain interprets these signals as sound...
How do we hear

How do we hear sounds?

When a stone pelted at still water, it creates the ripples from that point in circles. Similarly, a sound source creates waves...
Insulin resistance

Insulin resistance and type-2-diabetes

The production and release of insulin is completely a natural process. It is a response to the glucose i.e. food, ingested...
Anatomy of ear

Anatomy of Ear, their parts and health

We, humans, contain sense organs and the ear is one of them. The ears are the organs of hearing and balance. It...
Diabetes and Protein metabolism

Diabetes and Protein metabolism

This next section will briefly describe normal protein metabolism and the cellular metabolism of proteins instead of glucose for energy in diabetes....
Diabetes and Lipid metabolism

Diabetes and Lipid metabolism

Lipid metabolism is a very complex, therefore, this section focuses only on the topics that are relevant to...

Diabetes and Carbohydrate Metabolism

Carbohydrates (such as those in fruits, breads, cereals, and pasta) consists of one or more sugars. Following ingestion, carbohydrates are broken down...