What does neuroticism is and how does it affects human personality? It is an aspect of human personality which has been the subject of study for thousands of years.
In general living, we always wonder why do people behave or respond differently to the same situation? It may be due to the fact that they would be attuned to different aspects of the situation based on different life experiences and interpretation.
What is Neuroticism?
In the study of psychology, it is one of the Big Five personality traits like Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism.
It is a long-term tendency to be in a negative or anxious emotional state. It is measured on a continuum, ranging from emotional stability (low neuroticism) to emotional instability (high neuroticism).
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It is considered by many to be one of the most significant dimensions of personality. Some of the characteristics are;
- Mood dysregulation
- High emotional reactivity
- Anxiety and worry
- The tendency to experience negative feelings, low self-esteem, depression, frustrating, nervousness, being easily upset, and low emotional stability.
High Neuroticism and Emotional Instability
People who score high in neuroticism are very emotionally reactive and unstable. A high scorer in neuroticism has a greater chance of being in bad mood in a normal situation also. They may find it difficult to think clearly and cope with stress.
The person who is high in neuroticism see the bad side more easily and perceive the regular situation as major and threatening. A highly neurotic person can get easily distressed and overwhelmed by life’s challenges due to their low emotional stability.
It brings alcohol dependence and drug dependence when goes wide. There is both indirect and direct evidence linking neuroticism with many kinds of serious physical health problems.
Low Neuroticism and Emotional Stability
People who score low on Neuroticism have all or some of the following traits:
- Calm under pressure.
- Has stronger control over emotions and urges. Less reactive.
- Has a strong coping mechanism.
- Free from persistent negative feelings.
- Comfortable in most social situations.
- Is not easily angered or upset. Even-tempered.
A subject of future research…
Neuroticism can be robustly correlated and is a predictor of many different mental and physical disorders. Some people may be changing some of their characteristics over time. As people mature, their personality types often shift.
For instance, older people tend to be less neurotic yet more conscientious and agreeable than those under 20 years old. This could be a subject of future research.