Hypoglycemia: Have you ever experienced a low sugar episode?

Blood sugar is also known as glucose. The brain uses a lot of energy and needs a continuous supply of glucose to function. We know that whatever the food we eat, it gets converted into glucose. Consequently, the pancreas produces insulin in response. Today in this section, we will discuss low sugar or hypoglycemia and its causes.

What is Hypoglycemia?

Low blood sugar also called as Hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia means low (hypo) glucose (gly) in the blood (emia). Hypoglycemia refers to an abnormally low level of sugar, or glucose, in the blood. In diabetics, levels of blood sugar are below 3.9 mmol/L (70mg/dL).

It is found that our body gets used to high blood glucose levels. Hence, the pancreas learns to anticipate high glucose. In response, it produces too much insulin which brings glucose levels down. In this scenario, we could feel dizzy, shaky and hungry. The body craves for more glucose.

A person with diabetes usually does not experience the early symptoms of hypoglycemia. The body responds to the hypoglycemia situation by releasing the glucagon and epinephrine hormones. This results in the release of stored glucose (Your liver will store sugar, or glucose, as glycogen for a later time when your body needs it) in the blood to tackle low sugar.

Your numbers might be different, so check with your health care provider to find out what level is too low for you. The precise level of glucose considered low enough to define hypoglycemia is dependent on 1. The measurement method  2. The age of the person  3. The presence or absence of effects and 4. The purpose of the definition.

Causes of Hypoglycemia

People with diabetes usually need to take medication. Taking too much medication, skipping meals, eating less than normal, or exercising more than usual can lead to low blood sugar for these individuals.

  1. Incorrect Insulin administration – The wrong dose, wrong time, without food.

2. Medication changes – Medicine changes, overdose.

3. Dietary changes – Delayed or missed meals. Less intake of carbs.  

4. Physiological – Prolonged fasting or starvation, changes in activity levels.

5. Excessive alcohol consumption – It could block liver from releasing stored glucose.

6. Hormone deficiency – Lack of glucagon, epinephrine, cortisol, growth hormone, etc.

7. Critical Illness – Insulinoma, Hepatic, Renal, Cardiac Failure, Sepsis, and Gastric surgery.

Who is at more risk?

In patients with diabetes, uncontrolled blood glucose levels are closely associated with the development of diabetic complications. Moreover, strict glycemic control may increase the risk of hypoglycemia. Listed below are the risk factors for hypoglycemia.

  1. Age >65 years
  2. Longer duration of diabetes
  3. High insulin dose
  4. Use of several medications like sulfonylurea, Beta-blockers
  5. Renal Dysfunction
  6. Mental Health issues/Psychological diseases
  7. Erratic eating patterns

You should read the glucose-insulin homeostasis in diabetes

Sometimes people with diabetes don’t feel or recognize the symptoms of hypoglycemia, a problem called hypoglycemia unawareness. You may need to check your blood glucose more often. In our upcoming article, we will discuss hypoglycemia symptoms, prevention, and its treatments. Stay connected !! Stay Alert !!

Your heart beats faster

Your knees go weak

You start to sweat. Is this love?

No, you are probably hypoglycemic.

Grab E-Books

Morning Mastery

Win the Morning, Win the day!!

Stress Relief Strategies

Discover the Top 10, all-natural, 100% safe strategies to successfully managing stress.

You'll Also Like

How to reduce your child’s sugar intake in the festive season?

Diwali is picking up its pace, do not ignore what your child is binging this festive season. It is obvious that children will just...

How to avoid eating excess sweets to stay healthy

Alongside the festivity, the corona's pandemic is already started to spread with the second wave again. So, it is important to control your health...

What do the half-moon shape on your nails means?

If you look at your nails, you’ll likely see a little semicircle of slightly pale skin at the base of each one. These half-moon...

1 Minute Spoon Test to Reveal Hidden Health Problems

Regular check-ups are a very important part of being healthy in life. Despite knowing the fact, we often do not care about it due...

Ways to Manage Diabetes well During Fasting in Navaratri

The Navratri season is here again. This 9 days festival observes ritualistic Navratri fasts where they refrain from eating non-vegetarian food, cereals, grains, onions,...

34 Best Foods to prevent and control Diabetes effectively

Often, you have been advised by your doctor on cutting back on carbs and eating more lean protein, veggies, and fruits to achieve better...


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Get in Touch

Trending Now

Common myths and facts about HIV/AIDS

HIV and AIDS are already being used as an alternative to each other by many literate people, which has distorted its real difference. There...

Stroke or Cardiac arrest in the bathroom is frequent.

One of the studies has shown that there is a rapid increase in bathing death accidents. The results identified cardiovascular diseases as the leading...

The Pros and Cons of an Indoor and Outdoor Workout

When you think of working out, you probably think of hitting the gym. But what about exercising outdoors? Is there a benefit to getting...

8 most effective remedies for Toenail Fungus

Do you have a toenail that is hard, discolored, disfigured, and falls off after some time? This kind of toenail is because of an...