Previous write-up has already elaborated the basic anatomy of a foot and first six causes of foot pain. The further paragraphs will highlight the remaining six causes. Also, we will share the needed remedies for it’s prevention.
A bruise or contusion, appears on the skin due to trauma like cut or blow to the foot. Such injury causes the blood vessels to damage or burst. Over the time, the damaged area under the skin changes the color to black and blue. As healing progresses, it comes to normal.
Bruising can be experienced on the bottom of foot due to some injuries. At the same time, if any of the foot bone fractures or overstretching of arch also causes bruise.
These are the yellowish and hardened callus growths develops on top of the toes. The corns forms due to the rubbing or friction of toes with the shoes or other toe. The skin layer develops is sensitive to touch.
If you walk or stand for longer period, the skin below your toe nail, between your toes, or bottom skin of your feet comes in constant friction with shoes to develop corns.
It is a protrusion of bone or tissue around a joint, mainly at the base of big or little toe. They appear like bony bumps occurs when the joint is stressed over a period of time. Also called as Hallux Valgus.
The big toes angles in toward the second toe, and, in severe cases, may develop or tuck beneath the second toe. Women gets bunions often as they wear tight pointed shoes. There are several causes to bunions like;
- Tight and confined shoes
- Foot structure
The ankle sprain is an injury to the foot’s ligaments in the ankle. These ligaments are tough bands of tissues surround and connect the bones of the leg to the foot.
Ankle rolls, turns, or twists beyond its normal range of motion stretch or tears the ligaments. This lead to swelling, pain, or bruising to occur sprains in ankle. Certain causes are
- Awkward foot placement
- Irregular surfaces
- Weak muscles
- Loose ligaments
- Wearing shoes with spiked heels
The development of non-cancerous tissues in the nerves running between long bones of foot. It is a thickening of tissues around one of the nerve’s leading to your toes.
It causes sharp and burning pain in the ball of your foot. The third and fourth toes are more prone to the condition as the they rub each other and squeeze the nerves. The pain is severe sometimes may lead to tingling and numbness also.
It generally occurs due to continued walking or standing, and due to use of tight shoes.
When a foot is fractured, the site of the fracture usually is painful and swollen. Some events lead to foot fractures or injuries like;
- Road accidents contributes majorly
- Sports injuries
- Wrong way of doing exercises
- Weight lifted than normal capacity
- Use of sharp tools to cut nails
- Labor work activities often causes foot injuries, etc.
Prevention and remedies
- Use of proper shoes or sandals is strictly recommended. They must be larger than your feet size and should be made of quality material. If you are in sports, use specific athletic shoes. Use supporting socks. You can use shoe inserts and toe padding’s as well.
- For women, using high heels should be avoided. It is acceptable up to 5 cm heels only.
- Exercise regularly. Warm up prior to any sports activity. Follow proper steps and poses when exercising or doing stretching activities.
- Avoid running or stepping on uneven surfaces.
- Prevent recurrent injuries, particularly in sports.
- If you move a lot throughout the day, relieve your feet after.
- If experiencing manageable pain, massage the affected areas with some natural oils. Soaking and use of ice pack is also recommended.
- Post injury, do follow the instructions as per your doctor.
- Consult your physiotherapist, orthopedist, and health care provider if the injury is severe.
- If you are diabetic or with other chronic illness, take care of your feet properly.