Breastfeeding and maternal hypertension

Breastfeeding is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman’s breast. It is the most natural way to feed the baby. There are many benefits of breastfeeding. The new study established a clear relationship between Breastfeeding and maternal hypertension. Breastfeeding for longer duration may reduce the risk of hypertension in mothers.

Breastfeeding and maternal hypertension.

Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. It is the most common medical problem encountered in pregnancy and remains an important cause of maternal, and fetal, morbidity and mortality. Data has also shown the beneficial effects of breastfeeding on the health of infants and their mothers.

A new study published in the American Journal of Hypertension indicates that women who breastfeed more children, and for longer periods of time, are less likely to suffer from hypertension after they reach menopause. This is less true of obese women.

This study population comprised 3,119 non-smoking postmenopausal women aged 50 years or older in the 2010-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. More kids breastfed and the longer length of breastfeeding was related to bringing down hypertension in postmenopausal women. Also, the degree of obesity and insulin resistance moderated the breastfeeding-hypertension association.

Certainly, highest quintile of a number of children breastfed (5 to 11) showed a 51% lower risk of hypertension compared with the lowest quintile (0 to 1). The highest quintile of a duration of breastfeeding (96 to 324 months) showed a 45% lower risk of hypertension.

Several studies consistently found that absent breastfeeding or premature discontinuation was associated with increased risks of diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, coronary heart disease, and cardiovascular diseases.

 

It has been seen that a broad range of chronic diseases is not associated with breastfeeding. Also, the study indicates the connections amongst breastfeeding and these illnesses.

  1. Metabolism related issues like fat accumulation and insulin resistance might be “reset” by breastfeeding after pregnancy. This helps to decrease the risk of obesity-related diseases.
  2. Also, oxytocin discharge animated by breastfeeding might be related to the diminished danger of these chronic ailments.

Nam-Kyong Choi, study led said, “Our findings endorsed the current recommendations for breastfeeding for the benefit of maternal health in mothers’ later lives.”

Also, read Traffic-related air pollution is significantly responsible for developing childhood asthma.

Other benefits of breastfeeding

  • It has been all around reported that longer period of breastfeeding is beneficial. And it is related to lessened kids’ hypersensitivities, celiac infection, stoutness, and diabetes mellitus.
  • Human milk contains all the right ingredients – protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water – in just the right balance.
  • Breastfeeding babies may be at reduced risk of many acute and chronic diseases, including diarrhea, cold, urinary tract infections, several infections, and allergic reactions like asthma.
  • Breastfeeding helps to protect babies when their immune system is developing.
  • Vitamins and minerals have rich bioavailability in mothers milk.

[ First two years of breastfeeding can save 8.20 lakh babies annually: WHO-UNICEF ]

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