A strong link between healthy mouth and general health has been proven by science. Poor oral hygiene regimen can eventually cause periodontal disease. Bacterium associated with periodontitis can enter the bloodstream via bleeding gums causing certain medical conditions.
The mouth is one of the most used parts of the body, mainly for eating, speaking and making facial expressions. Moving ahead, we need to understand the basic mouth anatomy first. Mouth consists of various parts namely;
- Lips – The lips are very prominent when it comes to the smile.
- Tongue – The tongue contains taste buds which provide the sensation of taste.
- Gingiva – The gingiva or the gums are the holders of the teeth. If the gums are weak, the teeth start to loosen and may fall out.
- Teeth – Teeth helps to chew food, proper speaking and sound production. They play a key role in aesthetics and physical beauty.
- Salivary Glands – Salivary glands secrete saliva all over the mouth, keeping the oral cavity moist and comfortable.
- Uvula – It may help in proper speech and also to prevent food from entering wrong passage.
- Soft and Hard Palate – The hard palate is responsible for proper chewing and sucking. While soft palate covers the passage when you swallow to prevent food from entering the wrong hole.
- Tonsils – These are lymph tissues which filters the microorganisms from entering the body.
How a healthy mouth looks like?
Many lifestyle disorders like diabetes, heart diseases, cancer, osteoporosis and other chronic illnesses may be more likely to have problems with their teeth and gums. Such conditions may first become apparent because of mouth lesions or other oral problems.
- A healthy mouth always starts with healthy gums. Healthy gums appear pink in colour mostly. The teeth can be rooted firmly if the gums are in good condition.
- Bacteria breeds well in the presence of food particles. It may cause bad breath. Neutral and pleasant breath is a good sign of healthy oral cavity.
- The teeth must be strong enough. Strong teeth are free from cavities and other dental diseases.
- The oral tissues are always pink and moist. Any tenderness or sores may be a sign of bad oral health. A white tongue may be the indication of a poor condition. It can show signs of nutritional deficiencies or general infection.
One sign of healthy body is a healthy mouth. Many studies have shown that a healthy lifestyle is very much vital for healthy oral state.
What you can do?
- Check your mouth regularly for signs of gum disease. Value your oral hygiene routine.
- Brush your teeth and tongue gently, twice a day using fluoride toothpaste. Clean between your teeth with floss or another type of inter dental cleaner once a day. Your dentist may recommend using an antimicrobial mouth rinse as part of your daily oral hygiene routine
- Eat a balanced diet. Take away sugary food, soda drinks and snacks which may reduce your risk of developing tooth decay and periodontal disease.
- If you are with diabetes, try to control your blood sugar levels.
- Don’t smoke or chew tobacco.
- Visit your dentist regularly. If you notice any of these signs, see your dentist;
- Gums that bleed during brushing and flossing
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
- Persistent bad breath -pus between your teeth and gums
- Loose or separating teeth
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
- Tell your dentist about changes in your overall health, particularly any recent illnesses or chronic conditions
- Calculus (tartar) or plaques on teeth
It’s important to note though, while a dentist can provide treatments to fix many conditions, it’s the patient’s responsibility to follow the dentist’s recommendations and monitor conditions on their own.