An autoimmune disease that impacts human central nervous system is Multiple Sclerosis. Autoimmune diseases are those caused by antibodies or lymphocytes produced against substances congenitally present in the body.
Multiple sclerosis can lesion your central nervous system permanently. It is one of those chronic diseases which impact the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. The most perilous verity about this disease, it is impossible to know its progress. Multiple Sclerosis is incurable disease and therapies only can detract symptoms.
In Multiple Sclerosis, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause the nerves themselves to deteriorate or become permanently damaged. The report says, around 2.5 million people have been diagnosed with MS. Multiple sclerosis (MS) can cause a wide range of symptoms and can affect any part of the body. Each person with the condition is affected differently.
Multiple Sclerosis affects people between ages 15 to 60 years and seldom found in children and teens. In children and teens symptoms, causes and treatments for MS are analogous to adults omitting some such as seizures and/or mental status changes.
Since this disease is affixed to the nervous system, its symptoms vary with the nerve lesion. The symptoms may vary on the amount of nerve damage and which nerves are affected.
- Fatigue and headache
- Hearing loss
- Respiratory or breathing problems
- Double vision or loss of vision in some cases
- Twitching, tingling or weakness
- Erectile dysfunction
- Pregnancy problems
- Urinary retention
- Slurred speech
- Painful involuntary muscle contractions
- The difficulty with coordination and balance body
- A difficulty with thinking and memory
- Sexual problems in both the genders
How common is MS?
1. Multiple sclerosis occurs predominantly in younger persons, with those aged 15 to 60 most likely to be diagnosed.
2. The average age of diagnosis is about 30 years; however, multiple sclerosis has been identified at all ages.
3. While multiple sclerosis can occur in children, this is very rare.
4. About 2.5 million people worldwide have been diagnosed with MS; of those, about 400,000 live in the United States.
5. Women are about twice as likely as men to develop multiple sclerosis.
It is commonly found that people with this disease often investigated intermittent attacks and last for days or months. Some people’s symptoms develop and worsen steadily over time, while for others they come and go. Periods, when symptoms get worse, are known as “relapses”. Periods, when symptoms improve or disappear, are known as “remissions”.
Multiple sclerosis is though incurable, a person can live a normal life. In some cases when a patient does not get treatment may lead to mobility dysfunction and those who are going through its severe of a kind may suffer from an ailment like pneumonia. Research is still in process to find new medications or other therapies to prevent this disease. Simultaneously, they are sedulous to find potential causes of it.
These were the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis later this write-up series will come up with its causes, types, treatment, diagnosis, and prevention. There’s no cure for multiple sclerosis. However, treatments can help speed recovery from attacks, modify the course of the disease and manage symptoms.